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Date posted: March 28, 2018
By Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies

Background

The US President, Donald Trump, declared his recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and gave orders to move the US Embassy to Jerusalem. Following this recognition, the Palestinian Authority declared freezing all communication with the US Administration. The US Administration, however, declares every once in a while that it will launch the “deal of the century” which, as they think, will be the solution for the Palestinian question.

A huge explosion targeted the Prime Minister’s (Dr. Rami Hamdallah) motorcade in the area of Beit Hanoun during his visit to the Gaza Strip to inaugurate some projects.

President Mahmoud Abbas called for establishing a multilateral international mechanism emanating from an international conference and based on the international decisions. Such conference would launch new and real negotiations that would lead to the two-state solution.

The Results

Following are the results of the Palestinian Public Opinion Poll no. 56 conducted by the Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah National University during the period from 22-24 March 2018. The University sponsors all polls conducted by its Center.

This poll undertakes the new political realities, particularly Donald Trumps’ recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and moving the US embassy there. The poll also undertakes the explosion that targeted the Prime Minister’s (Dr. Rami Hamdallah) motorcade during his visit to the Gaza Strip, the possibilities of conducting presidential and legislative elections in addition to the political affiliations of Palestinian people.

The sample included 1361 persons whose age group is 18 and above and who have the right to vote. The enclosed questionnaire was distributed on 861 persons from the West Bank and 500 persons from the Gaza Strip. The sample was drawn randomly and the margin of error is about ±3%; still 2.3% of the members of the sample refused to answer the questionnaire.

The General Results:

  • 81.3% of respondents believed that the explosion that targeted the motorcade of Prime Minister, Dr. Rami Hamdallah, during his visit to Gaza aimed at hindering the reconciliation process.
  • 17.2% of respondents said that the side that bears responsibility for the explosion that targeted the motorcade of Prime Minister, Dr. Rami Hamdallah, during his visit to Gaza is Hamas, 8.7% said it is Fateh, 24.9% said it is a group oust side Fateh and Hamas, and 32.2% said it is Israel.
  • According to the respondents’ viewpoint, 61% said the aim of the side that carried out the explosion that targeted the motorcade of Prime Minister, Dr. Rami Hamdallah, during his visit to Gaza is to abort the national reconciliation efforts, 9.4% said the explosion was to protest against the policy of the Palestinian government, and 22.6% said the explosion was a call to a complete separation between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
  • 14.5% of respondents expected that the reconciliation will succeed after the explosion that targeted the motorcade of Prime Minister, Dr. Rami Hamdallah, during his visit to the Gaza Strip, 39.9% expected reconciliation to falter during this period, and 39.3% expected it to fail.
  • 71.4% of respondents assessed the performance of the Prime Minister in pushing forward the national reconciliation efforts as "good" and higher than "good".
  • 23.9% of respondents believed that there is a possibility for the creation of a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders while 68% said that there is no such possibility.
  • 39.7% of respondents supported the creation of a Palestinian state on the entire area of the 1967 borders as a final solution for the Palestinian cause while 53.9% said that there is no such possibility.
  • 22.2% of respondents supported the creation of a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders with some land exchange as a final solution for the Palestinian cause while 71.3% rejected.
  • 18.7% of respondents supported the creation of a binational state for Arabs and Jews on historic Palestine as a final solution for the Palestinian cause while 76.7% rejected.
  • After the US declaration to move its embassy to Jerusalem, 20.4% of respondents believed that the two-state solution is still viable; 71.3% believed it is not anymore viable.
  • After the US declaration to move its embassy to Jerusalem, 93.5% of respondents believed that the USA is not any more an impartial peace broker between Israel and the Palestinians.
  • 48.6% of respondents supported the Palestinian Authority's call for enlarging the negotiation sponsorship between the Palestinians and Israel or finding a new international mechanism to sponsor negotiation with Israel.
  • 72.4% of respondents believed that the "deal of the century" that the US president intends to launch aims at ransacking the Palestinian issue.
  • 73.5% of respondents supported the position of the Palestinian leadership to freeze communications with the US administration following the US president's declaration that Jerusalem is the Capital of Israel and the imminent moving of the US embassy there.
  • 52.1% of respondents supported President Mahmoud Abbas’ call for establishing a multilateral international mechanism emanating from an international conference and based on the international decisions to launch serious and real negotiation that would eventually lead to the two-state solution and the establishment of a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders with Jerusalem as its capital.
  • From among the decisions made by the Palestinian Central Council (PCC) of the Palestinian Liberation Organizations (PLO) that I support are the following:
    • 69.4% Freezing the Oslo Agreement
    • 76.8% Filing a complaint at the International Criminal Court
    • 71.6% Stopping the security coordination with Israel
  • Of respondents believed that stopping the US financial support of the UNRWA aims at:
    • 81.4% Putting pressure on the Palestinian leadership so that they accept “the deal of the century”
    • 81.5% Closing the file of refugees and cancelling “the right of return”
    • 80.8% Weakening the Palestinian position in their demands for the right of refugees.
    • 78.9% Weakening the Palestinian Authority’s general stand.
  • 68.6% of respondents supported the convening of the Palestine National Council in the near future.
  • 51.1% of respondents believed that it is possible to reach a political program that will be agreed upon by all Palestinians.
  • 68.3% of respondents supported the accession of Hamas and Islamic Jihad to the PLO.
  • 48.3% of respondents believed that Fateh is faithful in its intentions towards the national reconciliation.
  • 37.2% of respondents believed that Hamas is faithful in its intentions towards the national reconciliation.
  • 59.2% of respondents supported providing international protection for the Palestinian people who have been under occupation since 1967.
  • 54.6% of respondents supported the rise of a peaceful, unarmed intifada in the Palestinian Territories; 41.3% rejected that
  • 38.1% of respondents supported the rise of an armed intifada in the Palestinian Territories; 56.1% rejected that.
  • 26.6% of respondents saw that if a Palestinian intifada takes place, a peaceful and unarmed intifada will be the best form of resistance that would serve the Palestinian cause, 19.8% said that an armed intifada would serve the Palestinian cause better, 24.3% said that both forms are useful for the Palestinian cause; 25.2% said that both forms are useless.
  • 64.2% of respondents assessed the performance of the National Unity Government as “good” and better than “good”.
  • 65.2% of respondents assessed the performance of the Palestinian Presidency as “good” and better than “good”
  • 33.1% of respondents expected that if elections are conducted in the present time in the Palestinian Territories, they will be fair.
  • 79.9% of respondents said that they will participate in the coming presidential elections. From among those who said they will participate, 38.4% said that they will give their votes to Fateh's candidate; 12.3% said they will give their votes to Hamas' candidate.
  • 79.1% of respondents said that they will participate in the coming legislative elections. From among those who said they will participate, 38.4% said that they will give their votes to Fateh's candidates; 12.9% said they will give their votes to Hamas' candidates.
  • If PLC elections are to be conducted, 41.2% of respondents expected the winning of Fateh movement; 13.3% expected the winning of Hamas.
  • 81.5% of respondents said that they will participate in the coming municipality and local council elections. From among those who said they will participate, 31.2% said that they will give their votes to Fateh’s candidates, 8.9% said they will give their votes to Hamas' candidates and 14.8% said they will give their votes to the representative of their family or clan.
  • 33.7% of respondents said that the current political, security and economic circumstances compel them to desire to emigrate.
  • 51.7% of respondents expressed fear for their lives under the present circumstances.
  • 62.8% of respondents said that they are pessimistic about the general Palestinian situation at this stage.
  • 79.1% of respondents said that they neither feel safe for themselves nor for their families and properties under the current circumstances.

To View the Full Result as PDF

By the Same Author

Date: 28/03/2018
Date: 18/10/2017
Date: 17/10/2016
Date: 10/05/2016
Date: 28/11/2015

Source: An-Najah National University
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