Violations documented by Palestinian youth human rights defenders in Hebron and Jerusalem 2019-2020
This factsheet highlights the most prominent violations monitored and documented by youth human rights defenders in Jerusalem and Hebron throughout 2019 and 2020. It includes facts and figures that point to an overall systematic Israeli policy to intentionally violate religious freedoms, the right to worship, right to education, cultural rights, housing rights and the freedom of movement in both Jerusalem and Hebron.
The human rights defenders monitored and documented 100 violations in Jerusalem and 126 in Hebron throughout 2019-2020.
This paper attempts to highlight the results of this documentation through comprehensive data, facts and figures on violations in the areas of operation.
Violations of educational, cultural and religious rights and the right to housing in East Jerusalem and the old city of Hebron
One: The right to education
The right to education is considered one of the most important rights guaranteed by all international conventions and a common denominator among several UN declarations including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Patterns of violations against the right to education in East Jerusalem and the old city of Hebron
During the preparation of its analytical report, MIFTAH documented several patterns of violations committed by Israeli occupation authorities against Palestinians’ right to education, such as: house arrest of children, attacks on schools by Israeli forces and settlers, preventing students from reaching their schools due to closures and checkpoints and school dropout rate due to Israeli measures.
1.House arrest of children in East Jerusalem
Israeli forces impose forced house arrest on children for varying periods during which they must remain inside their homes or in the home of a relative. Israeli authorities sometimes extend the period of house arrest and also impose additional punitive measures if the child violates the arrest order. These orders are considered violations of international humanitarian law, particularly the Fourth Geneva Conventions and conventions on the right to education such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and have dire impacts on children’s right to education.
This factsheet was prepared as part of the “Youth as Human Right Defenders” project funded by the European Union The content of this document does not reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Responsibility for the information and views expressed in the study lies entirely with MIFTAH.